With a connected network into the common future.
The development of smart cities is based on the establishment of a complete system of hardware and software and application components, such as:
1.) sensors for measuring various parameters in structures, spaces and areas (temperature, amount of substances in water or air, geolocation,…),
2.) communication infrastructure that transmits data to the central system,
3.) data storage and application usage (a large number of sensors generates vast amounts of data) and
4.) applications for data acquisition and analysis.
The field of sensorics covers the complete range of sensors that are used by machines and devices to receive information about the world. A sensor is an element that converts the value of an observed parameter into an electrical signal.
a) Inductive sensors detect the presence of metallic objects and convert it into a digital or analog signal.
b) Photocells are very versatile because they can detect all kinds of materials.
c) Laser distance meters are designed to accurately measure distances.
d) Pyrometers are sensors for non-contact temperature measurement.
The Internet of Things represents one of the major trends in digitization and will be a key element of the future platforms of Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0. These platforms will be the operations and organization of social institutions. In essence, the Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the collection of vast amounts of data by individual elements throughout society. This data is then processed to increase efficiency and productivity, optimize performance, optimize service delivery, reduce costs or other purposes.
Specific examples of sensors suitable for Smart City Connect implementation:
river levels, atmospheric temperature, UV rays, air saturation with particles, air quality, pollen quantity, noise intensity, wind speed, air pressure, chimney sensors (zero-carbon sensors)
Availability of parking spaces, traffic jams, availability of public transportation, ongoing work on infrastructure networks, road conditions (temperature, slippage, wetness), smart traffic lights,
Vestibular system: space orientation, muscle tension control, maintaining balance, eye stabilization
Proprioception: joint movement, body movement, information about the extent, strength, duration and direction of movement, information about posture (parts) of the body, muscle tone
Tactility: response to touch, pressure, pain, temperature and vibration
Visuality: information on movement, motor planning, predictive analysis
Auditory system: transformation of sound signals into sensory sensations.